Unit 5 TIME FOR DISCOVERY
Lesson 2 DISCOVER THE UK!
1 Speak on the following items.
1 When do you usually travel?
2 Where do you go?
3 Do you collect information about the places you’d like to visit?
4 Do you think it’s useful or not?
5 When do you start preparing for your trip?
6 Do you like to take photos of different places?
7 Do you think travelling teaches you a lot of new things?
8 What places would you like to visit?
9 What do you like better: to travel alone or in a group? Why?
2 Read and say what the UK means.
Taras was in his room. He was playing games on his computer. Suddenly his computer blinked1: You’ve got an email. Taras was curious. Who was it from? So he clicked the mouse and saw an e-mail from Pam. “Wow… That was an invitation to the UK”. That was cool but Taras didn’t know what ‘the UK’ meant. He phoned his friend Ihor. Ihor told him that the UK are the letters for the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and that it is the full name of the country which we usually call Great Britain. Ihor promised to send an email with some more information.
1to blink [blnjk] – блимати
3 Work in groups.
Match the pictures with the text.
IHOR’S E-MAIL ABOUT THE UK
A) The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on islands to the north-west of Europe.
B) Great Britain consists of three parts – England, Scotland and Wales.
C) The capital of the UK is London. It stands on the Thames [‘temz] River – the longest river in Great Britain.
D) The flag of the UK is made up of three crosses. It is red, white and blue. The English call their flag “the Union Jack” because it unites flags of all parts of the UK.
E) The highest mountain of the UK is Ben Nevis. It is in Scotland.
F) British money is called pounds and their coins are pence.
G) People of the UK keep their traditions. There is still the Queen in the country. She is the head of the United Kingdom.
4 Work in two groups. Choose one group of questions.
1 What is the full name of the UK?
2 Where is it situated?
3 How many parts does the Kingdom consist of?
4 What are the names of the parts of the UK?
5 What is the capital of the country?
6 What river is the longest in Great Britain?
1 What does the flag of the UK look like?
2 Why is the flag of the UK called Union Jack?
3 What is the highest mountain in the UK?
4 Where is the highest mountain situated?
5 What is British money called?
6 Who is the head of the United Kingdom?
Which group is the quickest?
5 Read the letter from Taras that he has sent from London.
Dear Mum and Dad, I am having a fantastic holiday. Windsor is a nice town. I have visited a beautiful castle here I have got a lot of friends now. We visit museums and cafes. I gave been to London already. It is wonderful! I have seen many places of interest there: the Houses of Parliament, St Paul’s Cathedral London Eye and many others. I have taken a lot of pictures. I have bought many souvenirs.
See you soon.
6 Finish the sentences about Taras.
1 Taras is in…
2 He has visited a beautiful…
3 Taras and his friends…
4 He has been to…
5 He has seen many…
6 Taras has taken…
7 He has bought…
Be – was / were – been [bi:n]
Buy – bought – bought [bo:t]
See – saw – seen [si:n]
Take – took – taken
THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
Вживають для позначення дії, яка тільки-но (just) або вже (already) відбулась чи тоді, коли її ще не встигли (not yet) зробити.
Часова форма утворюється з допоміжного дієслова to have у Present Simple (have / has) та 3-ї форми основного дієслова.
I have just written the letter.
He has already done his homework.
We haven’t visited our grandparents yet.
III форма дієслів утворюється за допомогою додавання закінчення – ed до 1-ї форми:
I II III
Visit visited visited
Play played played
1 Write down the Present Perfect forms of the verbs.
To see – have seen
To be – …
To take – …
To visit – …
To come – …
To play – …
To do – …
To make – …
To listen – …
To open – …
To meet – …
To buy – …
To read – …
THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
I / you / we / they have done it.
He / She / It has done it.
Have not = haven’t
Has not = hasn’t
I / You / We / They haven’t done it.
He / She / It hasn’t done it.
Have I / you / we / they done it?
Yes, I / you / we / they have.
No, I / you / we / they have not.
Has he / she / it done it?
Yes, he / she / it has.
No, he / she / it has not.
2 Put the sentences into negative forms.
Example: He has already come.
He hasn’t come vet.
1 Ann has just watered the flowers.
2 Mum has already gone to her work.
3 I have already seen this film.
4 We have just taken the bus.
5 Bob has just entered the shop.
6 They have already read this book.
7 The children have made a present for their mother.
Send – sent – sent
Spend – spent – spent
3 a) Read and compare.
I have never played tennis before.
(I should learn to play tennis.)
I haven’t played tennis today.
(I can play, but I didn’t have time to do it today.)
B) Make up sentences.
Хоча дія у The Present Perfect Tense відбувалась у минулому
Вона має безпосередній зв’язок з теперішнім часом:
I haven’t done my homework yet.
(And I can’t play now.)
He has already written the letter.
(And he can send it by mail.)
У питальних реченнях ми цікавимось результатом виконання дії на теперішній момент.
Have you done your English? Yes, I have. (No, I haven’t.)
Have you ever seen the queen? No, I haven’t. (Yes, I have.)
4 Put the sentences into interrogative forms.
1 I have read the book. Have you read the book?
2 She has written the exercise. …
3 Mum has made a cake. …
4 We have seen a real elephant. …
5 They have taken all of the chairs. …
6 Mile and I haven’t done Maths for today. …
7 A happy smile has appeared on his face. …
5 Ask and answer. Use the words from the box. Example: A: Have you ever been to Kyiv?
B: Yes, I have. (No, I haven’t.)
1 be / Kyiv 6 read / an interesting book
2 see / Big Ben 7 come late / school
3 meet / President 8 go fishing
4 buy / souvenirs 9 make / project in English
5 take /photos 10 do / morning exercises
1 Look, listen and say what countries John has already visited.
I have = I’ve
He / She has = He’s / She’s We / They have = We’ve / They’ve
2 Listen again and choose the correct sentence (a) or (b).
1 a) John has already been to eight countries,
B) John has already been to seven countries.
2 a) He has been to Europe before,
B) He hasn’t been to Europe before.
3 a) He has seen a lot of new places,
B) He has seen some new places.
4 a) John has done his homework,
B) John has done a lot of interesting things.
5 a) The tour has finished already,
B) The tour hasn’t finished yet.
6 a) John has arrived in Paris
B) John has arrived in Prague [pra:g]
7 a) John hasn’t sent any postcard to his mum yet
B) John has sent one postcard from every city.
8 a) He has already been to Paris,
B) He hasn’t been to Paris yet.
9 a) He has already been to Vienna,
B) He hasn’t been to Vienna yet.
10 a) He has bought a lot of souvenirs,
B) He hasn’t bought any souvenirs yet.
11 a) John has taken a lot of photographs,
B) John hasn’t taken any photographs yet
3 Look at the map of the tour and say as in the example.
Example: John has been to London, but he hasn’t been to Vienna yet.
4 In pairs say 3-4 sentences about your experience.
Example: I have been to Odesa, but I haven’t been to Y>
I have seen Volodymyrska Hirka in Kyiv, but I haven’t seen Sofiyivka Park in Uman yet.
5 Ask and answer in pairs. Use the example and the words from the box.
Cities, money, souvenirs, photographs, places of interest
Example: – Have you ever bought a souvenir?
– Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t.
6 Answer the questions.
1 Have you ever seen the Golden Gate Bridge?
2 Have you ever been to Paris?
3 Have you ever sent a postcard?
4 Have you ever spent a lot of money on a trip?
5 Have you ever met an Englishman?
6 Have you ever taken pictures on a trip?
7 Read and learn the poem.
THE BEACHES OF MEXICO
(after Caroline Graham)
Have you ever seen the beaches of Mexico?
Have you ever walked the street of Paris?
Have you ever been to England?
Have you ever been to Spain?
Have you ever walked barefoot in a heavy rain?
Well, I’ve never seen the beaches of Mexico. I’ve never walked the street of Paris? I’ve never been to England?
I’ve never been to Spain?
I’ve never walked barefoot1 in a heavy rain.
But I’ve sure been in trouble I’ve sure been in pain2
I’ve sure been in love. I’d do it all again.
1 Ask and answer in pairs.
1 Do you like to imagine that you are travelling to some places?
2 What imaginary places do you travel to?
3 Who do you travel with?
4 How do you travel? Do you take a map and a compass or do you just imagine things?
5 Is it more interesting to travel when you have a map and a compass?
6 What can you learn when you imagine that you are travelling?
2 Read the questionnaire, then ask and answer the questions with a partner.
ARE YOU A WORLD TRAVELLER?
1 How often do you go on holiday?
A) hardly ever
B) once a year
C) twice year or more
2 How many countries have you visited?
B) not any
C) three or more
3 You win the lottery where will you go?
A) to Disney World in the USA
B) to Y>
C) on a trip round the world
4 What type of holiday do you like?
A) staying at home doing nothing
B) activity holidays such as sailing
C) lying on a beach in a foreign country
5 Your hotel room isn’t very nice. Do you
A) change the hotel?
B) not worry about it?
C) not notice?
6 What do you buy on holiday?
A) presents for all your friends
B) one or two souvenirs
C) some sweets for yourself
7 Who do you like to go on holiday with?
A) no one – I prefer to be alone
B) my best friend
C) my family
Your score You are a World Traveller (21-24 points)
You really like holidays and enjoy all about them: buying presents, seeing friends and having fun. But remember, you can have fun at home too!
You are a Happy Tourist (12-20 points)
You like to go to new places. You enjoy quiet holidays with a few friends and you prefer not to spend too much money.
You are a Stay-at-Home person (8-11 points)
You quite like going away, but you prefer to be with people you know. You are also happy at home.
3 Read a page from Taras’s diary and answer the questions.
“If you arrive in Great Britain, you’ll hear the word tradition everywhere. Englishmen have a sentimental love for things and traditions because they are old. They never throw away old things.
For example, in many houses of Great Britain they have fireplaces, the English people don’t want to have central heating because they don’t want to have changes. One more example. The Yeomen-Warders1 are dressed in traditional medieval clothes and the traditional dress of the Horse Guards regiment3 has existed since the twelfth century. This dress costs a lot of money and seems very funny nowadays, but Englishmen stand for it because it’s their traditional dress.
Another old custom remains from the time when there were a lot of robbers4 in London. In those days the shouting “Who goes home?” was often heard in the Houses of Parliament and the members went in groups along the dark narrow streets of the old city. In modern London this shouting sounds very strange…
1 How do Englishmen show their love for a tradition?
2 Do they like to have central heating in their homes?
3 How long have medieval4 clothes for Yeoman-Warders existed?
4 What custom is kept up in the Houses of Parliament?
1Yeomen-Warders – англійські охоронці палацу
2medieval – середньовічний
3regiment – військове формування, полк
4robber – грабіжник, розбійник
4 Finish the sentences about Taras and his impressions of Great Britain.
Taras has been to..
Taras has learnt that…
The Yeomen-Warders in their traditional dress have existed Many customs have remained…
Taras has heard the shouting…
Taras has understood that
Great Britain is the land…
5 Work in pairs. Make up short dialogues about English traditions. The replies of the pupil who is asking about them can be as follows:
– Really? Indeed?
– Is that so?
– Are you sure?
– I don’t think so.
– Too good to be true.
1 Imagine you’ve been to the UK. Write 7-8 sentences about:
– where you have been to
– what you have seen
– what you have bought
– whom you have met
– how many photos you have taken
– what you have learnt
– what you have heard
– what you have understood
1 Give a call to your friend. Invite him / her to your home and explain how to get to the place where you live.
2 Describe the town / village where you live in.
(Speak about cinemas, theatres, museums, …)
3 In pairs play the game.
GUESSING THE WAY
Take a map of your town.
A is going to some place.
В is asking questions and trying to guess where A is going to.
A: Which bus should you take?
В: I can…
A: Where should you get off?
B: At /In…
A: Are you going to…?
B: Yes, I am. / No, I am not.
4 Read the text and write down the information that you have learnt (4-5 sentences). Start like this.
– I have learnt that…
– I have understood that…
– I have thought that… but now I know that…
If you look at the Earth from the space you will see it is a round ball with a land, seas, oceans, continents and even countries. They look very beautiful.
All the countries have interesting people, places, animals and plants. People of different nationalities live in these countries. They speak different languages. Each country has its national flag, anthem and its own traditions and customs.
How do we know about it? This information came to us due to the curious and brave people who travelled and explored the world around them. Their discoveries help to learn many interesting things about the planet we live on.
5 Discuss in a group.
1 Men have travelled ever since they first appeared on earth. Why do people travel?
2 Why do people take a camera with them?
What do they usually photograph?
3 What do we see and learn while travelling?
4 How do different people spend their holidays?
5 What ways of travelling do you know?
6 Have you ever taken a holiday cruise along the Black Sea coast or down the Dnipro River?
7 Some people prefer to travel on their own and hate travelling in a group. What about you?
6 a) Read what Taras told his friends in Ukraine about Great Britain.
I have heard a lot about Britain. Some things are as I have expected. I’ve heard that English people are reserved1. That’s true. When I went on the Underground it was funny for me to see people sitting and reading newspapers. I couldn’t understand why no one talked or smiled. But some things are not as I have expected.
I haven’t expected London to be so international with so many people from different parts of the world! Students from all over the world come to study English in London.
1reserved – стриманий
I have heard that the British are polite and well – mannered people. It’s true. They use phrases such as ‘Please’, Thank you’, and ‘Excuse me’ very often. One more thing I have understood. It is about queuing1. At bus stops and cinemas, in shops, banks and post offices and in lots of other places I had to join the queue and wait for my turn. So, I have understood that every person is polite here in the way that is normal to people in Britain.
I have learnt the Englishmen are great home lovers. Many British families have got their own houses. They are fond of gardening and keep lawns2 and trees near their houses neat and beautiful.
I have enjoyed my stay in the UK! b) Tell what Taras:
– has expected about Britain – has learnt
– hasn’t expected – has enjoyed
– has understood about queuing
1to queue [kju:] – стояти в черзі
2a lawn – газон, клумба