Unit One: Family Ties
1.1 Family Lifestyles
To be the heart of one’s family
To help somebody out
To have something in common
To be on the move
To be digital natives
To do the puzzles
To differ from somebody/something
To be exact…
Rather than… Traditionally…
From time to time… Luckily…
I. Conversation Warm-up
Look at the photos and say which countries from the box these families may live in. What do you know about their lifestyles?
Russia the USA
Example: I think this family lives in Canada. It’s very cold there and the people wear warm clothes.
II. Pronunciation Warm-up
Read and practise the sounds /æ/ and /к/. Answer the questions.
What is a family?
Who is a family?
A pair like Kanga and Roo is a family.
A calf and a cow that go moo is a family.
A dog and its puppies, a cat and its kittens.
All kinds of people can make up a family.
All kinds of creatures make up a family.
III. Grammar Smart
1. Look and recall.
Use the Present Indefinite if you want to speak about every day, repeated actions.
I usually help my dad in the garage.
My brother goes to the sport club every day.
We (they) all do the flat on Sunday as a rule.
My granny often bakes pies.
A) Play a grammar tennis game.
Example: A: I usually do the shopping.
B: She usually does the shopping.
B) Say the opposite using the words given.
Example: A: My granny often cooks borsch.
B: My granny seldom cooks borsch.
1. We usually go picnicking on Sunday.
2. My brothers play chess every day.
3. My dad often watches TV in the evening.
4. Our grandparents always work in the garden.
5. My cousins visit us every summer.
6. Our relatives usually write us e-mails.
2. Read and remember!
Use tag questions if you want to keep a conversation going.
Example: Canadians who live in the North do (+) fishing even in winter, don’t they (-)?
They are not (-) afraid, of colds, are (+) they?
A) Play a grammar chain game.
Example: A: You like computer games, don’t you?
B: Sure. You always play sport games, don’t you?
B) Ask your friend about his/her family’s activities as in the example.
Example: to spend much time together ->
Your family members spend much time together, don’t they?
1. to go to the seaside every summer;
2. to have a family reunion;
3. to visit their relatives;
4. to take part in sport activities;
5. to keep their family traditions;
6. to help each other out.
IV. Word Smart
1. Study these words and word-combinations and speak about: a) everyday lifestyle of your family.
– to be the heart of something
– to help somebody out
– to be digital natives
Example: Traditionally, all members of my family get up early.
B) your familys pastime at weekends.
– to be on the move
– to do the puzzles
– from time to time
Example: On Sunday we have the most memorable time.
2. Look at the photos and say what different family members enjoy doing.
Example: I think granny is the heart of the family. She enjoys knitting. She often knits for all members of the family.
Go to Ex. 5, 6 of your Workbook
At home: Ask your family members about their everyday activities and fill in the chart below.
My Family Activity Chart
Does the shopping
V. Time to Listen and Read
1. Listen to / read what children say about the lifestyles in their families and say what they have in common.
My name is Roy. I live with my family in the Arctic, in Quebec to be exact. We are Inuits, native Canadians and our lifestyle differs from the life of other Canadians.
Traditionally, all men in the family are hunters and fishermen. They are family providers while mothers often stay at home and look after us, children.
It’s very cold, where I live, that’s why we use animal skins in our clothing. When my dad and elder brothers go hunting for several days they take animal skins with them too, to make igloos, which keep them warm. Every boy in the Inuit family learns how to do it. Me too.
I’m Sam Davidson. The lifestyle of my family is quite unusual, because we are always on the move.
Some years ago my family bought an RV – a home on wheels and set to see the country. There are all conveniences of a modern home in an RV so our travelling is rather comfortable. As all my family members are so adventurous we saw many breath taking views of the US like the Grand Canyon, the Niagara Falls. From time to time we stop at an RV-park for several months: the parents find jobs to provide for our travelling and we can continue our studies. Luckily, we have been on the road for more than three years and we are having the most memorable time. The spirit of adventure unites us all!
I’m Miyo and I live in the country of the rising sun – in Japan. My family is very well-organised. Though mum is a housewife she is busy every day – cooking meals, doing the house, going shopping and looking after my younger twin-brothers. She is the heart of our family.
I am also very busy. After my lessons like most Japanese children I attend extra-classes on science and work much with my computer to prepare for the national exams. All children in Japan are digital natives. Rather than studies, my younger brothers prefer to play computer games. When dad comes home in the evening he often brings magazines with puzzles, which we try to do, including the twins. A very useful pastime, isn’t it? Parents help us out, if we can’t do something.
2. Answer the questions:
1. What are native Canadians called?
2. What are they busy with and why?
3. What does Sam Davidson like to do?
4. Why do the Davidsons stop from time to time?
5. Where does Miyo go after school?
6. What do all family members like to do in the evening?
Example: Roy lives in the North of Canada… ->
Roy lives in the North of Canada, in Quebec, to be exact. It’s very cold there. They use animal skins for clothing.
1. Traditionally all men in Inuits’ families are…
2. When the Inuit men go hunting or fishing…
3. Sam Davidson’s family…
4. All members of his family…
5. Miyo’s family is well-organised…
6. Many children in Japan…
Traditional – traditionally
Lucky – luckily
Extreme – extremely
Equal – equally
See Fist Aid Kit,
Word-building 1, p. 212
VI. Time to Communicate
1. Act as one of the children and describe your family lifestyle.
To differ from something/someone;
To use animal skins;
To be on the move;
To be adventurous;
To be digital natives;
To help somebody out.
2. In pairs, discuss the lifestyles of your families. Use the pattern.
A: Hey… what is the lifestyle… ,
B: Oh, I think… .
A: Really? And how does it differ…?
B: Traditionally… . From time to time… .
A: I believe we have much in common because….
B: Great! We also….
A: It’s extremely interesting, isn’t it?
B: Sure. Many countries, many lifestyles, you know.
3. Speak about lifestyles typical of many Ukrainian families.
VII. Time to Listen
1. Listen and say what story was the most memorable for Christine.
2. Listen to the story again and mark the true statements.
1. Christine lived in Sweden with her mum and dad.
2. Her father played the piano well.
3. The family moved to France after Christine’s mother’s death.
4. The Daa§ settled near the sea.
5. They liked to lie in the sun and build the sandcastles.
6. Mr Daae told his daughter many wonderful stories about different countries.
7. Christine enjoyed listening to the story about Angel’s blessing.
8. Angel of music blessed all the people who liked to sing.
VIII. Time to Write
Write a short essay about your family lifestyle. Follow the question plan.
1. How many members are there in your family?
2. How much time do your family members spend together?
3. What do your family members traditionally do on weekdays?
4. What do your family members like to do at weekends?
5. What is the favourite pastime of your family?
6. What do all members of your family have in common?
Go to Ex. 7, 8 of your Workbook