UNIT 4. ROUND THE CALENDAR
HOLIDAYS ROUND THE WORLD
Цілі: вдосконалювати навички усного мовлення, читання й аудіювання, систематизувати лексичний матеріал з теми, розвивати мовленнєву реакцію учнів; виховувати доброзичливе ставлення до співрозмовника.
Cut out and shuffle the parts of the sentences. Students in pairs have to sort out the cards to make up the sentences.
It isn’t hot today,
It’s Monday today,
He’s spoken to us,
They are working hard,
You won’t tell anyone,
He loves you,
They are not Ukrainian,
They celebrate it every year,
You didn’t sat that,
She’s cooked something tasty,
11) You can bake Christmas pudding,
12) You’ve got a sister,
Listen to the story and answer the questions.
St. Patrick’s Day is observed on the 17th of March. St. Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland (an independent state) and Northern Ireland (a part of the UK). This day has a special meaning for the Irish. There is a great celebration with the major parade in Dublin and smaller parades in more than 30 cities and towns throughout Ireland. Participants come from the USA, Canada, Britain and Continental Europe to join in the festivities. In New York the first St. Patrick’s Day parade was held in 1762. Chicago is famous for dying the city’s river green as part of celebrations – green is the national colour of Ireland. America’s first president George Washington declared himself “a lover of St. Patrick’s Day”.
1) Why do the Irish celebrate St. Patrick’s Day? (In honour of the patron saint of Ireland)
2) When do people celebrate it? (On the 17th of March)
3) How do they celebrate it? (With parades)
4) Do people in other countries celebrate this holiday? (Yes)
Work in pairs and do Ex. 1, 2, p. 74
Read the text and do the tasks.
Traditions and Customs
Every nation and every country has its own customs and traditions. In Britain traditions play a more important part in the life of the people than in other countries.
Holidays are especially rich in old traditions and are different in Scotland, Wales, Ireland and England. Christmas is a great English national party, and in Scotland it is not kept at all, except by clerks in banks; all the shops and factories are working. But six days later, on New Year’s Eve the Scotch begin to enjoy themselves. All the shops and factories are closed on New Year’s Day. People invite their friends to their houses and “sit the Old Year out and the New Year in”. When the clock begins to strike twelve, the head of the family goes to the front door, opens it wide and holds it until the last stroke. Then he shuts the door. He has let the Old Year out and the New Year in. Now greetings and small presents are offered.
Read the questions. Give only Yes / No answers.
1) Are traditions very important for the British?
2) Are the holidays the same in all the parts of Britain?
3) Do the Scotch celebrate Christmas widely?
4) Does everybody work on Christmas Day in Scotland?
5) Are all the shops open on New Year’s Day?
6) Do people greet each other after the last stroke?
Fill in the gaps.
Scottish traditions differ from (1) ____ ones. For example, in Scotland people (2) _____________ celebrate Christmas at all. (3) ____ is more important for them. They don’t (4) ____ on that day and get together to (5) ____ this holiday. They have a funny (6) ____ to let the Old Year out and to let the New Year in. Imagine the situation: the clock is striking (7) ____ , you are opening the (8) ____and after the last stroke you (9)_________________ it not to let the New Year run away. Isn’t it amazing!
Key: 1) English, 2) don’t, 3) new Year’s Day, 4) work, 5) celebrate, 6) tradition, 7) twelve, 8) front door, 9) close.
Do Ex. 3, p. 74.
Answer the questions (p. 75).
Make a calendar for an English-speaking friend to show what happens in Ukraine during the year.