Unit Two: On Your Hobby Horse
2.3. In Season and Out of Season
To outgrow somebody
To ride a horse
To milk a cow
To grow into something
To be the right size
A love-hate relationship
To love somebody dearly
To make a (no) difference
I. Conversation Warm-up.
Look at the pictures and say in what season children can enjoy these hobbies most and why.
Example: Children can enjoy skating in winter when there is much snow.
II. Pronunciation Warm-up.
Read the poem and practise the sound /л/. Say what else can be a game for everyone.
THE JUMPING ROPE POEM
Jumping rope is lots of fun;
It’s a game for everyone.
Take a rope and let’s begin:
You can turn and I run in.
Now I’ll turn and you can jump.
Never mind and spin or bump.
I can jump like this all day;
I can jump and I can play.
III. Grammar Smart.
1. Look and recall.
Use the linking words… so… , … and… , … but… to combine two simple sentences into one complex sentence.
Example: I am fond of volleyball so I often play it on the beach in summer.
I am fond of volleyball and I play it with my friends.
I am fond of volleyball but I can’t play it in winter.
A) Play a grammar completion game. Use so / and / but.
Example: Ann: I have a lot of hobbies.
Steve: Ann has a lot of hobbies and she practises them at the leisure centre.
Oksana: Ann has a lot of hobbies but she absolutely loves sports.
Peter: Ann has a lot of hobbies so she has a great time with great memories.
B) In groups, say as many sentences as you can about your hobbies:
1) When and where can you practise them?
2) When and where can’t you practise them?
2. Read and remember!
Use the Present Continuous:
Am /is / are + doing
1) If you want to talk about actions that are happening while you are speaking:
Example: Look, Ann is riding a pony!
2) if you want to talk about actions happening around the time of speaking:
Example: I’m learning to play the guitar this year.
3) if you want to talk about things that are changing:
Example: More children are choosing computer games as a hobby these days.
4) If you want to describe what is happening in the pictures and photos:
Example: In this photo, the children are playing chess.
Use the Past Continuous:
Was / were + doing
1) if you want to talk about actions happening at or around a time in the past:
Example: I was collecting stickers at that time so I needed to complete the set.
2) if you want to talk about two actions happening at the same time:
Example: While Nick was playing his basketball match, I was acting as a cheerleader.
A) Play a grammar contrast game. Use the Present and Past Continuous.
Example: Ann: I’m learning to play tennis this year.
Steve: I was learning to play tennis from September to May last year. Now I’m learning to swim…
B) Look around the classroom and say:
1. What some of your classmates are doing;
2. What they were doing a few minutes ago.
Example: My deskmate is waving her hand. She was writing a few minutes ago.
IV. Word Smart.
1. Miss Joy knows much about hobbies around the world. Now she answers our questions about hobbies American children can practise in different seasons and places.
Study the words (p. 55) and say:
1) What they can do on a farm;
To ride to feed
Example: They can ride a horse on a farm.
2) What they can do in town;
Swimming pool to rollerskate
Example: They can bathe in the swimming pool.
3) What they can do at home.
Example: They can help their mothers to make a quilt.
2. Complete Miss Joy’s story and retell it to the children:
American children who live… enjoy… in the open. Some like to… , other prefer… . In town kids can go… or… . They also have… at home. It’s a real… to… a quilt with… or to help… to bake… . They… all the year round.
At home: Write what hobbies you can practise in different seasons and places. Follow the plan below.
… in town.
… at home.
… on a farm.
Go to Ex. 29, 30 of your Workbook
V. Time to Listen and Read.
1. Listen to / read the story about the hobby of an American girl and say:
1) why the girl wanted to go west;
2) what problems she had with Smokey;
3) what the great family fun was.
HORSES – MY HOBBY
… Some of my earliest childhood memories are connected with horses. Growing up on a farm in North Central Missouri gave me the opportunity to be around horses much of the time. Horses were my favourite of all the farm animals. I daydreamed of leaving out west as a cowboy where I could ride around all day on my horse.
As a very young child, almost as soon as I could sit up, my father placed me on our old gentle grey horse and led her around the farm. As I got older he let me ride her alone while he was milking the cows. For me, it was just fun to ride any place she wanted to go.
I was so proud when a new foal was born and my father said that it could be mine. I lovingly watched it grow into a beautiful young horse. However, it was not a horse for riding. He was from working horse stock, so he grew up to be too large an animal for a little girl to ride.
About a year later my parents bought me Smokey, a Shetland pony. He was a beautiful little black pony with a white blaze down his face. He was the right size for a seven-year-old girl.
I had a love-hate relationship with Smokey. Most of the time I loved him dearly, but he was a Shetland pony and they are stubborn. A Shetland can walk, trot or gallop along on their little legs with no problem until they decide to stop. When they stop, they stop and nothing and nobody can make them move. Most of the time I rode Smokey to school and we made it just fine. There were times, though, that he would get about half way up our lane and stop. I kicked and shouted: “Get up! Get up!” Sometimes I even carried a switch to beat him. Nothing I did made any difference so I shouted: “Daddy, Daddy, come help me!” My father, being a kind man, walked up the lane to where I was and “talked” until Smokey started moving again. Things were fine for the rest of the trip.
When I outgrew the little pony I was presented with a small horse and a saddle. Now I felt like a real cowgirl with a real horse and saddle. I spent many happy hours on his back: I was visiting my girlfriends a few houses away or just riding through the pastures on the farm.
Our family joined a local Saddle Club and participated in its weekend activities. Sometimes it was a weekend camping excursion, other times we went to a horse show, in which we rode in different events such as barrel races, flag races and other events. It was great family fun.
Adapted from Anna Lou Martin’s “Life is Never a Bowl of Cherries”
See First Aid Kit, Word
Meaning p. 215
Across Culture: The USA
Missouri – Міссурі, один з 50 штатів США.
Cowboy (cowgirl) – ковбой, легендарна фігура в історії Америки.
Barrel races – родео, у якому змагаються навколо барелів.
Flag races – родео, у якому змагаються за прапор.
1. Say if it is true or false.
1. The girl knows much about horses.
2. She learned to ride when she was a very young child.
3. Smokey wasn’t a horse for riding.
4. The Shetland pony always listened to the girl.
5. Anna felt like a real cowgirl when she was riding,
6. The girl took part in a horse show.
2. Say how the following characterizes the girl and her hobby.
Example: The girl daydreamt of leaving out west as a cowgirl where she could ride around all day on her horse.
To daydream of something;
To have a love-hate relationship with somebody;
To feel like a real cowgirl;
To spend many happy hours.
VI. Time to Communicate.
1. Look and tell Anna’s story.
When I was seven I daydreamt of… .
One summer my parents bought me… .
I had a… relationship.
Most of the time….
But my Shetland was… .
There were time… .
So I… .
My father always….
2. In pairs, discuss the girl’s hobby as in the pattern.
A: What do you think of… ?
B: It’s amazing! She was a very young child when… .
A: She felt like… . She spent many happy hours… .
В: No wonder she participated in… .
A: I was moved to tears when I was reading about….
B: Me, too. I was especially impressed by… .
A: Her father….
B: Right. It was great family fun.
3. Describe some of your earliest childhood memories connected with your hobby.
VII. Time to Write.
Write about something you have ever daydreamt of.
Go to Ex. 31, 32 of your Workbook