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Unit 4 TRAVELLING

– On the Move

– So Many Places

Pre-reading questions

Why do people travel?

What means of transport do you know? Is it important to plan a trip? Why?

What places would you like to visit one day? What do you know about London?

Can you present your town to a foreign guest?

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VOCABULARY

1 Match the pictures with the words.

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[в] bike

□ car

□ spaceship

□ plane

□ train

□ bus

□ ship

□ underground

□ helicopter

2 Think and say where you can go in summer and how youll get there.

Example: I can go to the seaside, I’ll travel there by plane.

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3 Complete the sentences with the verbs from the ‘Remember!’ box.

1 This is my stop, і have to… .

2 I have to get from London to Paris quickly, so I… .

3 I missed the bus in the morning, so I have to… .

4 I… the bus, because I was late.

5 The train arrived at the station and we… .

6 I think I can… to take me to the railway station.

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4 Make up as many sentences as you can.

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READING

1 Read and explain why people travel on their holidays.

WHAT IS TRAVELLING?

Are you fond of travelling? If yes, you can see and learn lots of things. The best way to study geography is to travel. The best way to get to know and understand people is to meet them at their own homes.

When people are on holidays or, as Americans say, on vacations, they like a change. They travel to see other countries and continents, cities and towns. It is always interesting to discover new things. If you are on holidays, you should arrange everything before you go on a trip.

There are travel agencies where you can get help with the means of transport and the planning of your vacations. You can travel by train, by plane, by ship or by car. When you use any kind of transport you are called a passenger.

It’s for sure that all ways of travelling have their advantages and disadvantages. And people choose the way they like.

Don’t forget a camera to take photos of sights of a city or views of mountains, lakes, forests or famous people, ancient buildings or even animals and birds. You will be pleased enough to watch the photos of the happy moments of your life.

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2 Ask and answer in pairs.

1 Do you agree that the best way to study geography is to travel?

2 Why do people travel when they are on their holidays?

3 Who can help with the transport and the planning of your holidays?

4 What means of transport can you travel by?

5 What do people think about when they choose the way of travelling?

6 What should you do before you go on a trip?

7 What photos can you take while travelling?

8 Why do people take photos?

3 a) Look at the picture and read the story.

LITTLE RED RIDING HOOD’S TRIP

At first little Red Riding Hood went on foot, then she took a bus to the Railway Station. She went by train to the Airport and flew by plane over the mountains. She took a taxi to the harbour and sailed by ship across the sea. Then she rode her bicycle to her Granny.

B) Work in pairs. One of you is a Little Red Riding Hood. The other is an interviewer. Have a talk about the Hood’s trip.

– How did you get to… ?

– I went there by… .

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4 Use the phrases below to make the sentences as in the example.

Example: to study geography / to travel

The best way to study geography is to travel.

– to get to know and understand people / to meet them at their own homes

– to learn a language / to live in the country / it is spoken in

– to get to know the country / to learn its language

5 Read the letter and say how the girl felt about her travelling by plane.

Hello, everyone!

Last week I travelled by plane for the first time in my life1. I travelled with my parents.

We went to the airport by taxi. When we arrived there, we put our suitcases on a cart and went into the airport.

The airport was very busy. There were too many people. Some of them were at the check-in desk. Others were at the information desk. When we got on the plane, an air hostess said hello to us and pointed to our seats. There were lots of people on the plane, too.

It was fantastic when the plane started going up into the air.

I looked through the window. Everything below us was very small – the streets, the cars, the buildings and the people. And I felt very excited!

Julia.

1for the first time in my life – уперше в житті

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6 Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.

1 Julia went to the airport…

A) by bus b) by taxi

2 They put their suitcases…

A) on a cart b) on a trolley

3 The airport was very…

A) quiet b) busy

4 Some of the people stood at the…

A) souvenir shop b) check-in desk

5 When they got on the plane… said hello to them

A) a pilot b) an air hostess

6 It was fantastic when the plane started going… .

A) down onto the ground b) up into the air

7 Julia felt very…

A) excited b) unhappy

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7 Ask and answer in pairs.

1 Have you ever travelled?

2 When did you have your journey?

3 Where did you go?

4 Did you travel by train, by ship or by plane?

5 What did you see on your journey?

6 Why do people travel?

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LISTENING

1 a) Before listening say what your favourite way of travelling is and explain why.

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B) Listen to the story and find out what way of travelling Mrs Smith has chosen.

C) Say if the sentences are true or false.

1 The Smiths have decided to visit their uncle.

2 Aunt Emily lives in Liverpool.

3 When we travel by train we’ll get speed and comfort.

4 It is hot on a train in summer.

5 The quickest way of travelling is by plane.

6 Planes fly in any weather.

7 They’ll go to Liverpool by train.

2 Answer the questions.

1 Where does aunt Emily live?

2 Does Alice like to travel by train?

3 What is the quickest way of travelling?

4 Do planes fly in bad weather?

5 Is it expensive to travel by plane?

6 Does Mrs. Smith like the idea of going to Liverpool by ship?

7 What kind of transport will the Smiths go to Liverpool by?

8 Say what way of travelling you like best of all. Why?

3 Agree or disagree. Work in groups.

1 Travelling is very popular nowadays.

2 The fastest way of travelling is by train.

3 Travelling by plane is slower than by train.

4 Travelling by car hasn’t got any advantages.

5 Travelling means getting about town, too.

6 Trains are more comfortable than buses.

7 Train tickets are always more expensive than bus tickets.

8 Train journeys are more interesting than bus journeys.

DO YOU KNOW?

In the past people travelled round the world by sea. Since the Magellan’s time people have travelled round the world on foot and by all forms of transport. Some have ridden bicycles, horses or motorcycles. Others have travelled by train, by car and by ship or by plane. In the 16th century it took Magellan’s men three years to travel round the world. In 1961 Yuriy Gagarin travelled around the Earth by spaceship in 89 minutes.

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4 Prove that it wasn’t easy to be on the move in the past and the travellers of that time were brave people. Use:

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5 Use the word map below to explain why there are different thoughts about travelling.

– What are advantages and disadvantages of each way of travelling?

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6 Listen and say the rhyme.

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GRAMMAR

1 Complete the sentences with the words from the box.

Yet, already, never, ever, recently, lately

1 Have you had a holiday…?

2 I haven’t heard from my uncle….

3 Have they called you…? No, they haven’t called me… .

4 He has… been to the National Museum.

5 Have they… eaten at the new cafe?

2 Match the beginnings of the sentences with their correct endings.

1 Tom is happy because

2 Becky is proud because

3 Nelly is interested because

4 Fred is busy because

5 Mary’s dress is clean because

6 Paul’s shirt is dirty because

7 Richard is sad because

A) he hasn’t won the prize.

B) he has flown to Paris with his Dad.

C) he has fallen ill.

D) he has fallen over on the ground.

E) she has been to many countries.

F) she has washed it.

G) she hasn’t read the story up to the end.

Choose the right form of the verb.

1 I… to the seaside 3 years ago.

A) have gone b) went c) go

2 We decide… at the hotel.

A) stay b) stayed c) to stay

3 Where did you… last weekend?

A) go b) went c) have gone

4 They… for Kyiv by plane yesterday.

A) have left b) leave c) left

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4 Open the brackets and put the verbs into the correct forms.

Example: 1 Liz… (to travel) by plane very often.

Liz travels by plane very often.

2 His parents… (to enjoy) travelling by sea last July.

3 John… (to travel) light last winter holidays.

4 The passengers just… (to fasten) the safety belts.

5 Susan usually… (to travel) by bus or train.

6 Her friends… (to travel) by bus round Europe last year.

7 Last summer Mary’s journey… (to be) through the South of Italy.

5 Change each sentence into the negative and interrogative form.

1 We shall catch a bus to the railway station.

2 Yesterday evening the doorman at the hotel took our suitcases and pointed the way to the desk-clerk.

3 Her friends will take a taxi to the airport in twenty minutes.

4 Mark often travelled on business last year.

5 They have just arrived.

6 We had a pleasant and enjoyable voyage on the Black Sea last summer.

7 She has been to Spain already.

6 Ask questions using the words in brackets as in the example. Example: We’ll have a longer stop in Poltava. (Where)

Where shall we have a longer stop?

1 David will go to Turkey by ship. (How)

2 Mary booked tickets to Berlin last Monday. (Who)

3 His train usually arrives in Kharkiv at 5.00. (When)

4 We shall have a longer stop in Zhmerynka in two hours. (Where)

5 This train from Lviv always runs on time. (What train)

6 She hasn’t written the place and date of her birth in the personal registration card at the hotel. (Why)

7 Their train arrived to London 5 minutes ago. (When)

8 I haven’t taken a bus to Zhytomyr yet. (Where)

7 Open the brackets and put the verbs in Present Perfect or Past Simple.

A 1 I… (come) to America in 1980.

2 Do you know Australia?- No, і never… (be) there.

3 When I was a child I… (travel) a lot.

4 You… (read) any English books?

5 I never… (travel) by train.

В 1 It often… (snow) last winter?

2 When they… (get married)?

3 You… (see) the film about animals last night?

4 You… (have) dinner today?

5 I… (lose) my glasses. I can’t find them anywhere.

6 Mary lives in York. She (live) there all her life.

SPEAKING

1 Listen and read the interview with Alex and say what way of travelling is his favourite one.

Terry: You travel a lot, don’t you?

Alex: Oh yes, I love travelling. I spend too much time visiting different parts of the world, sometimes on business and sometimes for pleasure.

Terry: Have you ever travelled by plane?

Alex: Yes, I have. I always go by plane on my business trips.

When I travel for pleasure, I usually go by ship.

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It’s interesting to get to know other passengers, enjoy being at sea…

Terry: What about going by train?

Alex: I have made some of my journeys by train. But they were not pleasant enough.

Especially in a holiday season. There are too many people inside the carriage.

There is too little fresh air on the train.

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2 Say if the sentences are true or false.

1 Alex loves travelling.

2 He has never travelled by plane.

3 He has travelled only for his pleasure.

4 He is interested in getting to know the other passengers.

5 He is afraid of being at sea.

6 He has made some journeys by train.

7 Journeys by train are pleasant enough.

8 There are too many people inside in a holiday season.

3 Ask and answer in pairs.

– Have you ever travelled by… ?

– Yes, I have. / No, і haven’t.

– Was it a pleasant journey?

– Yes, it was. I enjoyed…. I No, it wasn’t.

There were too many… (not enough…).

4 a) Read the dialogues and say where they take place.

A

A: When is the train to Manchester, please?

B: 3:15, Sir.

A: Which platform?

В: Platform six.

A: How much is the ticket?

B: Single or return?

A: Return, please.

B: That is 14 pounds.

A: Here you are.

B: Thank you, Sir.

A: Thank you.

В

A: I would like a ticket to Kyiv, please.

B: When are you going to fly?

A: Today or tomorrow, I think.

B: Just a minute. I think flight 305 is good for you.

A: When is the flight?

B: 8:30.

A: Great. How much is the ticket?

B: Business or economical class?

A: Economical class, please.

Business class is too expensive.

B) Choose the dialogue and act it out in pairs.

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5 Use the table below and Task 4 as an example to make your own dialogue. Work in pairs.

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6 Share your experience of travelling. Use the letter in Task 5 (page 146) as an example.

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WRITING

1 Write an e-mail letter to a friend who is going to visit you. Explain how to get to your house from the railway station.

2 Do a survey about the best way

FILE FOR PROJECT

1 Do a questionnaire to make it clear what means of transport is:

– the fastest

– the most comfortable

– the most pleasant

– the best way to learn more interesting things

– the most boring way of travelling

– the best way to enjoy natural scenes.

2 Interview your classmates (friends / relatives). Add the questions you like.

3 Analyze the results of the interview and give a report to the class.

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