Lesson 1

Ex.2, p.111

1. K; 2. A; 3. B; 4. C; 5. D.

Ex.3, p.111

1. D; 2. F; 3. A; 4. B; 5. C; 6. E.

Ex.4, p.111

1. It’s the largest mammal in the world.

2. Its baby is called a calf.

3. When the calf is born it weights three tons.

4. They hunted for their meal and oil.

5. Their natural habitat is polluted.

Ex.5, p.111

1. Are spotted;

2. Are called;

3. Isn’t still known;

4. Is believed;

5. Is caused;

6. Are trapped;

7. Are followed;

8. Are saved;

9. Are rolled;

10. Are covered;

11. Are rocked;

12. Are taken;

13. Are examined;

14. Are kept;

15. Are fed;

16. Are put;

17. Are gently lowered:

18. Is put.

Lesson 2

Ex.2, p.112

1. May/might – b;

2. Can – c;

3. Ought – d;

4. Should

– a;

5. Must c.

Ex.3, p.112

1. Can;

2. Had to;

3. Should;

4. Has to;

5. Could:

6. Mustn’t.

Ex.4, p.113

1. C; 2. E; 3. D; 4. B; 5. A.

Ex.5. p.113

1. Had to;

2. Don’t have to;

3. Will have to;

4. Have to;

5. Doesn’t have to;

6. Must;

7. Have to;

8. Had to.

Lesson 3

Ex.2(b), p.114

1. D; 2. C; 3. B; 4. A.

Ex.3. p.115

1. Natural habitat;

2. Human activity;

3. Magical powers;

4. Bamboo forests;

5. High prices;

6. Ivory tusks;

7. Illegal market;

8. Growing population.

Ex.4, p.113

1. The African elephant is killed for its tusks.

2. The African elephant is killed by the growing population of Africa.

3. Panda is hunted for sport.

4. Panda is endangered by the disappearance of Bamboo forests.

5. Rhinos are killed for their horns.

6. Sea turtles are hunted for their shell and meat.

7. Sea turtles are eater by other animals.

8. Horn is used

as a medicine.

9. Horn la used for making jewelry.

10. Ivory tusks are used for making jewelry.

Lesson 4

Ex.6, p.119

1. Garbage;

2. Rainforest;

3. The Earth;

4. Environmental problems;

5. Nuclear testing;

6. Pollution;

7. Energy;

8. Animals in ganger;

9. Cars;

10. Ecology. Green Peace

Lesson 7-8

Ex.5, p.129

1. F; 2. K; 3. D; 4. C: 5. B; 6. A.

Ex.6, p.130

1. Environment;

2. Habitat;

3. Benefit;

4. Generations;

5. Ecology;

6. Urgent;

7. Polluted;

8. Waste;

9. Demand;

10. Concerned;

11. Mutual.

Lesson 9

Ex.1, p.135

1. C; 2. E; 3. A; 4. D; 5. B.

Ex.2, p.135

1. Mustn’t:

2. Don’t have to;

3. Had to;

4. Don’t have to;

5. Must.

Ex.6, p.137

Dear Ann,

I’d like to share with you some of thought connected with the protection of nature. There are many big and small rivers, green forests, high mountains, lakes and seas is Ukraine. Our Earth is our home.

I think people must take care of our Motherland. There are some laws and decisions on this important subject. We have state organizations which pay attention to this problem.

The international conventions pay much attention to the control of pollution too. There are a lot of industrial enterprises In our country, that’s why we can’t ignore the problem of the protection of our environment.

Our main aim is the protection. Our environment must be clean. What must we do for it? Wo have to control atmospheric and water pollution, to study the man’s influence on the climate. The pollution of the environment influences the life of ‘ animals, plants and our human life. If we don’t use chemicals in a proper way we’ll pollute our environment.

Our plants end factories put their waste materials into water and atmosphere and pollute the environment. There are many kinds of transport in our big cities, that’s why we must pay attention to the protection of our nature and the he>

Many people died from radiation some years ago in Chernobyl. It was a tragedy. Another problem is earthquake. We know some terrible earthquakes in the world. Our scientists try to forecast earthquakes, then we can protect ourselves from them. The people all over the world do everything to protect their nature, to make their country richer, to make their life happier.

I’d like to hoar your ideas now to save nature in our city.

Best wishes.


Ex.1, p.138

Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland, a position it has held since 1437. It is the second largest Scottish city, after Glasgow. The City of Edinburgh Council is one of Scotland’s 32 local government council areas.

Located in the south-east of Scotland, Edinburgh lies on the east, coast of the Central Bolt, along the Firth of Forth, near the North Sea. Owing to its rugged setting and vast collection of Medieval and Georgian architecture, including numerous stone tenements, it is often considered one of the most picturesque cities in Europe.

The city forms part of the City of Edinburgh council area; the city council area includes urban Edinburgh and a 30-square-mile (78 km2) rural area.

Edinburgh is the seat of the Scottish Parliament. The city was one of the major centres of the Enlightenment, led by the University of Edinburgh, corning it the nickname Athena of the North. The Old Town and New Town districts of Edinburgh were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995. There are over 4, 500 Hated buildings within the city. In the 2008 mid year population estimates, Edinburgh had a total resident population of 471, 650. Edinburgh is well-known for the annual Edinburgh Festival, a collection of official and independent festivals held annually over about four weeks from early August. The number of visitors attracted to Edinburgh for the Festival Is roughly equal to the settled population of the city. The most famous of these events are the Edinburgh Fringe (the largest performing arts festival in the world), the Edinburgh International Festival the Edinburgh Military Tattoo, and the Edinburgh International Book Festival.

Other notable events Include the Hogmanay street party (31 December), Burns Night (25 January). St. Andrew’s Day (30 November), and the Beltane Fire Festival (30 April).

The city attracts 1 million overseas visitors a year, making it the second most visited tourist destination in the United Kingdom, after London.

Cardiff is the capita), largest city and most populous county of Wales. The city Is Wales’ chief commercial centre, the base for many national cultural and sporting institutions, the Welsh national media, and the seat of the National Assembly for Wales. According to recent estimates, the population of the unitary authority area is 321, 000. Cardiff is a significant tourist centre in the United Kingdom and tin – most popular visitor destination in Wales with 11.7 million visitors in 2006.

The city of Cardiff is the county town of the historic county of Glamorgan (and later South Glamorgan). Cardiff is part of the Eurocities network of the largest European cities. [4] Cardiff Urban Area covers a slightly larger area, including Dinas Powys, Penarth and Radyr. A small town until the early 19th century, the city came to prominence an a major port for the transport of coal following the arrival of industry in the region. Cardiff was made a city in 1905, and proclaimed capital of Wales in 1955. Since the 1990s Cardiff has seen significant development with a new waterfront area at Cardiff Bay which contains the new Welsh Assembly Building and the Wales Millennium Centre arts complEx. The city centre is undergoing a major redevelopment. International sporting venues in the city include the Millennium Stadium (rugby union and football) and SWALBC Stadium (cricket).

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